The Philippines archipelago made up of 7,100 islands of volcanic origin and spread over 1,600 km form north to south, has climate with heavy rainfall. The islands are prone to frequent typhoons, floods and earthquake tremors.
Luzon, Mindanao and the Visayas are the most important of these islands.
The 87 million people of the Philippines are Malay, Indonesian, Chinese and Spanish origins, resulting in the country’s ethnic heterogeneity. However, native peoples, such as the Aetas or Negritos, and the Igorots of the Cordillera Mountain region, have generally remained apart, without being assimilated to the other ethnic groups.